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Three deathhacks for a corpse: Books, necropants, and tables

*****WARNING: Graphic Images Below*****

Today people have many post-mortem alternatives for their loved ones besides the  same old burial or cremation.  Companies now offer a variety of services like a green burial with a tree planted on top of the body, converting the remains of a loved one into a diamond, pressing ashes into a vinyl record, even placing ash into live ammunition.

A couple hundred years ago people didn’t have access to the technology we have today, so they had to be creative and master the art of the corpse deathhack, a technique used to make efficient use of human remains, and recycle the skin and body parts.


Calling card case made from William Burke’s skin that was on display at a police museum in Edinburgh. Image credit: Kim Traynor via Wikipedia

Known as anthropodermic bibliopegy, the practice of binding books with human skin dates back to the 17th century, and involves flaying of a corpse and tanning the skin to cover books.  19th century physician Joseph Leidy used the skin of his deceased patients to bind his favorite medical textbooks, which are now on display at the College of Physicians’ Mütter Museum. The skin from executed criminals was also used for anthropodermic bibliopegy as an added post-mortem punishment. Pieces of skin from executed murders John HorwoodWilliam Corder, and George Cudmore were all used to bind books.  Also, the skin from infamous murder William Burke was made into a calling card case.

(Anatomically Correct) Necropants

Necropants on display at Museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft in Hólmavík, Iceland. Photo credit: Bernard McManus

The rituals practiced by Icelandic mystics in the 17th century often required an offering from a human body.  For example, these mystics believed that pants made of human skin, or necropants (nábrók in Icelandic), would bring wealth to the wearer.  A replica of the macabre “necropants” is on display in the Museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft in Hólmavík, Iceland.

On its website, the museum has instructions for making your own pair:

Tables made out of petrified tissue and body parts

19th century scientists who studied ways to preserve human cadavers had a fondness for showcasing their work in really odd ways…like building tables with preserved human body parts.

Body parts table on display at Musée d’Histoire de la Médecine in Paris. Photo credit: Allison Meier on Altas Obscura

On display at the Anatomical Museum of the University of Florence is the Segato Table created by Professor Girolamo Segato (1792-1836), who became renowned for his method of petrifying human remains, which involved mineralizing tissue so that it hardened.  The Segato Table is a wooden table inlaid with pieces of petrified human tissue.  The Anatomical Museum of the University of Florence also has a female head and bust that were preserved by Segato.

In 1866, Italian scientist Efisio Marini (1835-1900) also built an infamous piece of furniture known as “The Table” as a gift for Napoleon III.  Marini was known as “il Pietrificatore,” or the petrifier, because of his research on the preservation of corpses.  The Table was built using “brains, blood, bile, liver, lungs and petrified glands, on top of which stands a foot, four ears and cut vertebrae, also petrified,” and is on display at the Musée d’Histoire de la Médecine in Paris.


Boeni, M. (2013 July 16).  The Bizarre Art of Binding Books in Human Skin.  Mental Floss.  Retrieved on March 12, 2014 from:

Grundhauser, E. (2013, October 13).  Necropants.  Altas Obscura.  Retrieved on March 12, 2014 from:

Grundhauser, E. (2014, March 18).  Necropants.  Altas Obscura.  Retrieved on March 19, 2014 from:

Krull, ML.  Museum of the History of Medicine.  Cool Stuff In Paris.  Retrieved on March 12, 2014 from:


4 Deathhacks for an Egyptian Mummy

The Bewitched Skull of the Red Barn Murderer

The skeleton of William Burke, body snatcher on display


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